Exploring Ani Ruins, East Turkey

The Ani ruins lie in the Kars province, southwest of the city of Kars in a village called Ocaklı. As with most drives we did around this area, the route from Iğdır towards Kars and Ocaklı is virtually traffic free. The roads stretch for miles until they disappear over the horizon.

And, as we told you in our driving tips for east Turkey, they’re full of potholes. When you turn off the main road to head towards Ocaklı, your giant slalom skills will improve immensely. But, as there’s very rarely any oncoming traffic, this is more of a fun activity rather than an annoying hindrance. And you can keep a decent speed up.

Ani Ruins, Kars, East Turkey

The entrance gates to Ani Ruins

A drive through the tiny village, parking the cars on a clearing (occupied only by a man watching over his three horses) and here we are. The ancient walls of the Ani citadel just there, right in front of us. No approach road. No real car park. No coaches. No queues of tourists…

Just us and a guy on the gate checking our Müzekart.

It’s the story of our East Turkey experience really – wild, lonely, vast, beautiful. Here we are in a ruined city which was once a major part of the Silk Route. Indeed, Ani rivalled ancient Constantinople and Baghdad in size and importance at one time. And there’s only us here…

Church of St. Gregory The Illuminator, Kars, East Turkey

Ani Ruins – The beautiful setting of the Church of St. Gregory The Illuminator

And just like Ishak Paşa Sarayı, this is another ambition realised for us. We’ve seen so many photos and posters of east Turkey’s ancient Armenian architecture over the years. We’ve said over those years we’d love to get there one day. But there was never a definite plan. We knew these structures were somewhere near Kars – and that was about it…

What we didn’t expect was the fabulous, lonely setting. Before our visit, we didn’t know that this was once a thriving city, abandoned centuries before. Once again, we’re tiny people in a huge expanse of grassy highlands. We’re not exploring a ‘site’ as such. It’s a feeling similar to walking around the ruins of Kayaköy in winter. Although it’s abandoned, it almost feels like you’re intruding. Amongst the wows at the scenery, the architecture, the frescoes; there’s also a feeling of melancholy.

Turkish-Armenian Border At Ani, Kars, East Turkey

The Turkish-Armenian border

“Look at this place,” says one of our party, sadly. “Not a soul here and most people probably don’t even know it’s here”. He says this in the context of awareness about the area rather than creating a tourist attraction. It does feel like a secret place as we clamber up and down hills following the ravine which marks part of the border between Armenia and Turkey.

Ani Cathedral, Kars, East Turkey

A detail of Ani Cathedral

This place, Fethiye Camii (Church of the Holy Mother of God – Ani Cathedral) was begun in the year 910. Along with the rest of the ruins, it’s not in the best of states (with earthquakes, sackings, abandonment, harsh weather conditions and neglect, it’s testament to those builders that anything is left standing at all) and there’s modern day graffiti telling us who loves who and the date they loved each other. Both close up and from a distance, standing all alone, nestled in a dip between two hillocks, the cathedral commands your attention. Can’t help but compare the distant scene to a Bronte-esque image. Almost Wuthering Heights…

The Landscapes Of Ani, Kars

This gorge reminded us of Ihlara Valley in Cappadocia

We spent some time at Ani ruins. There’s quite a bit of ground to cover between each structure, but it’s no chore walking between them. The scenery is amazing; caves buried in the cliff faces lining the gorge, shepherds and their herds just tiny dots by the winding river below. Exhilarating to be in so much open space – especially while exploring ruins that, in other places in Turkey, could be packed full of people doing the same as us.

Defensive Walls of Ani Citadel, Kars, East Turkey

Walking back to the defensive walls of the Ani citadel

Eventually (after around three hours or so?) it’s time to move on. We need to press on to Kars to eat some food before heading back to Patnos. We’re all quite sad to leave. Because, quite honestly, it’s been a privilege to be able to see all this. How much we’ve seen on our East Turkey road trip…and what a grand finale Ani has been!

We wander back through the gate of the city walls and back into the village and daily life of Ocaklı. It’s assumed food in Kars will be the end of our adventure. However, what we don’t have any idea of, as we walk back to the cars, is our adventure is not over just yet…

The Ani Ruins – Useful Information

  • We were driving but it’s possible to get to the Ani ruins as part of a trip from the city of Kars. If you want relative solitude (we bumped into a smattering of other people the further we wandered) and to explore and take all in your own time, we’d recommend getting a car.
  • Click on our map of Turkey to see the location of the Ani ruins.
  • Entry to Ani ruins is free with a Müze Kart – but if you haven’t got one, it was 5TL entrance fee in May 2013.
  • Give yourself 2-3 hours to take in all of the ruins of Ani – comfortable clothing and shoes and a picnic and you could spend a full day here.
  • As with Ishak Paşa Sarayı, there are just too many photos for one blog post so we’ve added more elsewhere. This is our East Turkey Flickr album.
  • The history of Ani is centuries old. Rather than take away from that history by summarising in this post, read more about the Ani ruins on Wikipedia (this is one of the more comprehensive pages on Wikipedia and has more sources in the footnotes).
  • And finally, it’s not often we go out on a limb like this but we will say, we can’t recommend Ani highly enough.
  • Update 2016 – The Ani ruins have finally been added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Turkey. Great news!

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  1. Gosh, guys- this might be my favorite post of yours yet, but maybe it’s just cause I’m feeling sappy cause of my birthday. It reminds me of road trips we used to take through the deep south, on one of which I for the one and only time and totally inadvertently I SWEAR, officer! broke 120 MPH, but replace the broad rolling feel with the moors or whatever, and the crumbling plantations with much older, and much more cool stuff. Thanks for sharing!

  2. Beautiful post; Ani is in my bucket list, such a spectacular sight! Beautiful photos and great info, many thanks!

  3. Wow, Ani sounds wonderful. Would really like to do a road trip in Eastern Turkey.

  4. It is lovely to see Ani when the country was so green. It was a soft brown when we visited. Lovely photos that make me feel very nostalgic.

    • It was lovely because it was our friend’s first year in the east and it was the first time she’d seen green, too Jan. She said everything was brown, then white, and now the green was coming through. 🙂

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