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Turkish Musakka Recipe – A Dish For All Seasons

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One of our readers contacted us as she wanted to know if we had a Turkish Musakka recipe so that she could make it herself at home.

A close up shot of a serving of musakka
A reader particularly enjoyed Turkish musakka

Well, we get lots of emails like that, actually.

But this particular reader told us she had especially enjoyed the Turkish musakka.

Turkish Musakka – Classic Lokanta Food

We regularly order Turkish musakka from the steaming bain maries of traditional lokantas.

It’s classic lokanta food. And so, when we first moved here, we’d never thought of making it at home before.

This email request changed all that. And thanks to this, we had a bash.

Big Success

It was a big success. So it’s now a regular dish on our table.

The advantage of attempting to make something you have enjoyed in the past? You have a good idea of what it should look and taste like.

I skimmed the internet and scanned various musakka recipes from Turkey to get the general gist.

I added more of and deducted more of what we like – and don’t like.

And then cooked it until it resembled what we have seen in the lokantas of Fethiye.

After a bit of discussion, and a few years of playing around with different methods, here’s how we now cook Turkish musakka.

It serves four people.

How To Make Turkish Musakka

Turkish Aubergines/Eggplants
Turkish aubergines are generally small and firm

Where would we be without the aubergine, eh? Such an integral part of Turkish cuisine.

From vegetarian meze dishes like the summery aubergine salad.

To more comforting wintery dishes like the Ottoman dish, hünkar beğendi, tasty karnıyarık, imam bayıldı and Ali Nazik Kebab.

We have a whole list of classic Turkish aubergine recipes.

Turkish musakka is neither winter nor summer. It works year round.

And, depending on how you serve it, you can make it summery or cosy warm for winter.

Traditionally, to make Turkish musakka, you’re supposed to begin by frying your sliced aubergines in batches.

Whenever a recipe calls for frying sliced aubergines for a dish, we lay them on an oven tray instead and give them a light drizzle of olive oil.

Then bake them for 10-15 minutes.

Not only is this much easier than using a frying pan, it’s also much lighter.

Aubergines are oil sponges.

And, when you fry them, you’ll find you might need to add more oil to the pan at intervals.

You’ll then need to lay them on kitchen paper to soak up excess oil afterwards.

None of that needed with the baking method.

Prepping Musakka
Preparing your Turkish musakka

Whilst our aubergines are baking, it’s also easier to get on with preparing the rest of the Turkish musakka recipe.

This is an easy and standard mince meat in tomato mixture:

  • chopped onions
  • green peppers
  • garlic
  • tomatoes
  • spices

Our spices vary. But they always include kekik (thyme and oregano mix) and sweet paprika for a rich redness.

In winter, for that extra bit of ‘comfort,’ we also add a tiny amount of cinnamon.

Obviously, a good pinch of salt and ground black pepper goes in there, too.

Making Musakka
We divide our musakka into two oven dishes

We like to get two meals out of our Turkish musakka. So we oven bake it in two separate oven dishes.

Again, this is where we have come to differ slightly over the years to the traditional way of making Turkish musakka.

The meat mixture and your aubergines are usually cooked in a shallow pan on the hob with a cup of hot water poured over the top.

We lay our aubergine slices in our oven dishes and divide the meat mixture between the two bowls.

Once cool, one of them goes in the fridge for the following day. The other is placed to one side until we’re ready to eat.

Turkish Musakka In Oval Dish
Garnish your musakka with freshly chopped parsley

When we’re ready to eat, the oven is preheated to 200 degrees Celsius.

We pour a cup of boiling water over our musakka (this loosens the sauce). And then we bake in the oven until it’s fully heated through and the sauce is bubbling.

Serving Up

In Turkey, unlike the UK, meals like this don’t get served all on one big plate. Serve your musakka up on a plate or in a bowl.

Turkish Musakka Serving
Serve up your Turkish musakka and enjoy

In a separate bowl, Turks will often have a portion of rice pilaf or bulgur pilaf.

There might be other seasonal dishes such as okra in olive oil or fresh green beans in olive oil and tomato sauce.

There’s certain to be a yoghurt dish such as refreshing cacık. And, of course, there’ll be oodles of fresh Turkish bread to be torn and dipped!

However you choose to serve your Turkish musakka, we’re sure you’ll love it as much as we do!

We’re sure you’ll agree, served sprinkled with freshly chopped parsley, it looks so very tempting.

Right, let’s make this Turkish musakka…

Our Turkish Musakka Recipe

As we said above, we get four servings out of this recipe because we eat it just as it is – 2 servings from each oven dish.

If you’re serving your musakka with other accompaniments, however, you can easily use this recipe for a dinner party. Then you could serve it to around eight people.

Clay pot with musakka and fresh, chopped green herbs
5 from 1 vote

Turkish Musakka Recipe – A Dish For All Seasons

This Turkish musakka recipe is light & healthy and fits the bill in both summer and winter.
Save Print Pin
Course Main
Cuisine Turkish
Prep Time 15 minutes
Cook Time 45 minutes
Total Time 1 hour
Servings 4
Calories 440kcal
Author Turkey’s For Life


  • 500 grams minced beef
  • 4 large aubergines (eggplants)
  • 2 large tomatoes finely chopped (or 1×400 gram tin)
  • 1 large onion peeled & finely chopped
  • 1 green capsicum pepper deseeded & finely chopped
  • 3 cloves garlic peeled & crushed or grated
  • ½ bunch parsley chopped
  • 1 tablespoon tomato puree tomato puree
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • 1 teaspoon sweet paprika
  • 1 teaspoon thyme
  • salt & pepper to season


  • Preheat your oven to 220 degrees celsius.
  • Remove the stalks from your aubergines and slice lengthways – around 1 cm thick.
  • Lay your aubergine slices onto an oven tray and lightly drizzle with olive oil.
  • Bake in the oven for approx 15 minutes until the aubergines are softening and have taken on colour. Remove from the oven and allow to cool.
  • Meanwhile, heat a dash of olive oil over a medium heat in a frying pan.
  • Add your onion & peppers and sauté gently until the onions start to sweat.
  • Now add your meat & garlic and stir in.
  • Sauté until your meat browns and starts to release its juices.
  • Now you can add your kekik (thyme or oregon) & paprika and mix.
  • Add your chopped tomatoes, stir and cook for 5 minutes until your tomatoes start to soften.
  • Pour in around 50 millilitres warm water & add your salça (tomato puree) and mix.
  • Simmer for 5 minutes, do a taste test and season to taste with salt & pepper.
  • Add more water if you want a thinner sauce and simmer for 15-20 minutes until you have a rich tomato sauce.
  • Now return to your aubergines. Remove from your baking tray and cut each length into about 4 pieces.
  • Now take an oven proof dish and lay your aubergines over the base.
  • Pour the meat mixture over the top along with a cup of hot water.
  • Place in the centre of your oven at around 200 degrees celsius.
  • Cook for 20 minutes until youır sauce is bubbling.
  • Remove from the oven and leave to stand to cool a little before garnishing with fresh chopped parsley.
  • Serve on its own or with a side of rice or mashed potato.


  • As with all our recipes, calories per serving is an approximate guide.
  • For our Turkish musakka recipe, we use minced beef from our local butcher and this contains fat. If you buy lean minced beef, the calorie count will be much lower.
  • If you’re in Turkey and using the long thin green peppers (sivri biber), we use three of these rather than one large capsicum.
  • We have said our Turkish musakka is 4 servings. If you are serving it with other side dishes, it will easily serve 6 to 8 people.
  • We divide our musakka between two oven dishes so that we can eat some the following day.


Serving: 1Calories: 440kcal
Tried this recipe?Please consider Leaving a Review!

(If you love to cook, take a look at our other Turkish recipes to make at home.)

Afiyet Olsun!

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Recipe Rating

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Tuesday 21st of February 2023

This was bloody beautiful Loved it and will definitely make again

Turkey's For Life

Wednesday 22nd of February 2023

Hi Rania, thanks a lot for your comment and the 5-star rating. Very much appreciated and really glad you enjoyed the musakka! :)


Wednesday 13th of April 2022

Think I read somewhere that the bitterness has been bred out of Aubergines so no need to salt them anymore.

Turkey's For Life

Thursday 14th of April 2022

Hi Andy, yeah, chef James Martin always says this, too. We haven't salted our aubergines for a few years, now. This musakka recipe doesn't need you to salt them. :)

April Ozbilgin

Saturday 19th of December 2015

Looks great! Made me hungry!!!1

Turkey's For Life

Sunday 20th of December 2015

Aubergines and minced meat together in Turkish musakka - perfect combination, April. :) So easy to make, too.

Turkey's For Life

Tuesday 26th of October 2010

Hope you like it, zablon. Afiyet olsun!


Tuesday 26th of October 2010

Musakka was one of my favorite meals in turkey am going to prepare it for myself now thanks for the recipe

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