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St. Nicholas of Myra (Demre) – Santa Claus In Turkey

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Father Christmas, Santa Claus, St. Nicholas – whatever name we assign to him (and in the UK, we do fluctuate), we all know who he is, don’t we?

He’s that big jolly man from the North Pole with the bright red suit, big black boots and a fluffy white beard.

He’s busy in Lapland for most of the year, getting the toys ready to go into his sack so that Rudolf and the rest of the reindeer can carry the toy-filled sleigh to the children of the world each Christmas eve.

Most of the time, whilst the children sleep, Santa Claus will climb down the chimney of each house to fill stockings and leave toys under the tree.

And, of course, as the famous story goes, he might just indulge in a mince pie or two washed down with a glass of sherry.

Who Was The Real St. Nicholas?

Naturally, into the future, as he’s always done, Santa Claus is going to continue doing his annual rounds of the world’s chimneys from his home in Lapland, filling stockings en route.

But who was the real Saint Nicholas of Myra and where do all of our little Christmas traditions originate? The gifts, the chimneys, the Christmas stockings?

Bronze statue of St Nicholas Of Myra, Demre. His hands are raised and he holds a Bible in his left hand.
This bronze statue stands outside St Nicolas Church in Demre

From this man; St. Nicholas of Myra. A very real person.

The legends and traditions around Christmas that we are so familiar with today all come from a man who was born in Patara to wealthy parents.

And, at a very young age, he became the bishop of Myra; today’s Demre in the Antalya region on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey.


Today, St. Nicholas Church in Demre is a museum where, throughout the year – summer, in particular – millions of people visit the Lycian, Hellenistic and Roman ruins of Myra and the church.

We visited a few years ago in winter and had the place almost to ourselves.

But, on our recent return visit, it was the end of the summer season and we were there as part of our Kekova to Kemer gulet cruise. The place was packed.

St Nicholas Church in Demre. A tree is in the left foreground and a blue sky is in the background.
It’s easy to miss the church of St Nicholas, hidden under all that protection

Not packed with tourists; ‘tourists’ is the wrong word. Most of the visitors who were there on the same day as we were are better described as pilgrims.

Whenever we travel anywhere in Turkey, it’s usually out of season (more by good luck than good management).

We often feel fortunate to have ancient sites like Datça’s Knidos, Hierapolis, Patara and Myra to ourselves, just to soak up the atmosphere in blissful isolation.

We had that same experience on our first visit to the church of St. Nicholas. But our more recent visit was a completely different type of experience.

Yes, we were sharing a small space with hundreds of other people (Saint Nicholas Church is humble in size compared to other Byzantine churches in Turkey).

But the vast majority of those people – those pilgrims – were Russian. And they were here to visit the statue, the church and the resting place of their greatly revered saint, St. Nicholas.

2 Russian tourists visit the Tomb Of St. Nicholas.
Russian visitors at the tomb of St. Nicholas in Demre

St. Nicholas in Russia

We only realised the importance of St. Nicholas in Russia on that day of our most recent visit.

The vast majority of women who entered the site covered their heads and shoulders with scarves before entering.

A visit to a museum for us – to see he who is responsible for the legend of our modern day Santa Claus or Father Christmas – was a pilgrimage to a sacred place for them.

Colourful fresco of three figures on a wall at In St. Nicholas Church.
Colourful frescoes adorn some of the walls of the church

At the bronze statue of St. Nicholas, just outside the church, a constant queue of people polished his foot and kissed it (see how his foot is glistening in the top photo) and had photos taken of themselves with the statue in shot.

At the tomb of Saint Nicholas, people peered through the protective glass and knelt and prayed.

We’re always conscious of, and respectful of, the fact that when we visit mosques in Turkey, we are in a place of worship.

We know now that it’s the same for St. Nicholas Museum.

In Demre, road signs will read ‘Noel Baba Müzesi’ (Father Christmas or Santa Claus Museum).

And it is a museum. But just be aware that if you do visit here, this is sacred ground for many.

St. Nicholas, The Traditions of Christmas & The Legend of Santa Claus

A group of around a dozens visitors under the dome of St Nicholas Church, Demre. Bright light streams through open archway windows in the background.
The humble interior of St. Nicholas Church in Demre

After leaving Patara for Bethlehem to study with monks, the young Nicholas apparently returned to find his parents had passed away in a local epidemic. They had left him with an inheritance of a considerable sum.

Rather than keep this to himself, he chose to give it away to those in need. But he did this quietly so as not to draw attention to himself or to those who were receiving his charity.

Well, we can see a bit of a Santa link, there, can’t we?

Ancient Andriake Harbour, Demre. Sea is in the foreground and bright blue sky in the background.
It’s said St Nicholas secured food for the people of Myra at Andriake

Another legend of St Nicholas standing up for the disadvantaged is when Myra was suffering from famine.

Andriake harbour – today’s Çayağzı in Demre, and the harbour where our gulet anchored – was a major stopping point for ships carrying goods.

A ship en route to Egypt was carrying grain when it stopped at Andriake and Nicholas of Myra asked those on board for sacks of grain.


It appears stock control was the bugbear of many, even in those days, as the crew of the ship explained the request was impossible to meet because all the grain was carefully measured. The powers that be in Egypt would know some was missing.

Nicholas persuaded the crew to offload some foodstuffs to feed the hungry of Myra and guaranteed this wouldn’t be noticed upon arrival in Egypt.

The legend goes, the people of Myra were fed, and, when the ship arrived in Egypt, the full stock quota was still as it should have been.

No doubt Andriake harbour looked a tad different in the days of St Nicholas of Myra. No tarmacked road carved into the contours of the hills for a start.

But to arrive here just after sunrise on our gulet cruise, on flat calm waters…just another memorable part of our little Lycian adventure.

A black statue of St Nicholas of Myra in Demre. To the right of the picture, he holds the hand of a child. Trees & blue skies are in the background.
If you’re looking for the church, this statue might be a better landmark to head for

So we know the bishop of Myra in Asia Minor was a generous type who looked out for people and protected them. Now what about the chimney and stockings situation?

Isn’t it just truly fascinating how historical facts, tales, legends and traditions intertwine so that, even throughout Europe, our Christmas traditions become similar yet different, based around the stories of St. Nicholas.

St. Nicholas, Stockings & Chimneys

Stockings and chimneys, for instance.

Why do we hang stockings at Christmas? And why does the original Santa Claus slide/clamber/tumble (what does he do?) down our chimneys to leave gifts?

Well, there’s a St. Nicholas legend (nay, legends) around that, too…


The general tale, with its variations, is that a man and wife lived with their three daughters. Sadly, the wife died and, subsequently, the father fell on hard times.

When the eldest daughter reached marrying age, there was no money for a dowry and the father, a poor man, was worried his daughters might have to resort to prostitution.

Nicholas was having none of this, and, knowing the father would be too embarrassed to accept the dowry money, he put the money in a small sack and, in the dead of night, dropped it down the chimney.

It just so happens (here’s coincidence for you) that the three young girls had hung their stockings over the fireplace to dry and the sacks of money landed in said stockings, once they’d fallen down the chimney.

Other variations include St. Nicholas actually climbing down the chimney to place the bag of gold into the stockings, secretly.

Now, there’s a recognisable Santa Claus link, for you.

Another black statue stands in front of trees in Demre. Two children stand against the figure and hold his legs.
St. Nicholas as protector of children of the world – Statue in Demre

St. Nicholas The Patron Saint

How important can you get as a saint? St. Nicholas is said to be patron saint of more causes than any other saint out there.

  • In western Europe, St. Nicholas is widely known as patron saint of children. He looked after both needy children and their families.
  • St. Nicholas, patron saint of sailors, seas and ships. It’s said that when Nicholas went to Bethlehem as a young man to further his religious studies in the fourth century, en route back across the Mediterranean to what is now Patara, a huge storm reared.

    Nicholas prayed and the storm suddenly disappeared. In Russia, Italy and Greece (and perhaps other countries, too) St Nicholas images and effigies adorn ships, boats and harbours.
  • St. Nicholas is a patron saint of justice and is patron saint of those wrongly imprisoned (he himself was imprisoned for his beliefs).
  • Okay, St. Nicholas is also the patron saint of loads of other types of people and professions, too and we’ve spotted some of the life story of Santa Claus connections here.

    Sure you’ll make the (albeit, loose) connections, too.

    St. Nicholas is patron saint of: bakers (mince pies for Santa?), boot blacks (shiny Santa boots?), brewers (so it’s okay to leave that sherry for Santa, mums and dads), children (yeah, we got that one – they want pressies under the tree and in their stocking – St. Nicholas was protector of the oppressed, especially children) and the list goes on…

Feast Day

St. Nicholas Feast Day is not actually the 25th December date we’re more familiar with in the UK for Santa Claus and Christmas time.

St. Nicholas Feast Day is 6th December which is said to be the date he passed away.

And, in some Christian religions, the eve of the 6th is when families place stockings with gifts around the fireplace.

Souvenir stalls on a tree-lined cobbled street. A bench and streetlights are in the foreground.
Neatly cobbled around the souvenir shops around St. Nicholas Church in Demre

As for Demre, aside from the coachloads of people who are brought in from the Antalya resorts to visit Myra and St. Nicholas Church, the town mainly continues as a tomato-producing area, largely unaffected by tourism.

This street, where the museum is, hosts a handful of souvenir shops and shops selling ornate religious icons.

But if it wasn’t for the tell-tale summer coaches and a few brown signposts, you wouldn’t know these significant pieces of history were here.

That’s always the fascination of Turkey – as with the ruins at Xanthos, modern daily life and ancient history exist not just side by side, but weaved and intertwined, impossible to separate.

There’s a bit of a commotion about the Saint’s bones, believe it or not.

The Basilica di San Nicola in Bari, Italy is adamant that they possess the authentic Saint Nick bones, preserved in immaculate condition since the 11th century.

Some Irish legends also say that Saint Nicholas is buried in the ruined Church of St Nicholas at Jerpoint in County Kilkenny, Ireland.

Turkey, however, disputes all of these claims.

The Saint Nicholas Church in Demre insists that they house the genuine remains in their burial grounds, setting the stage for a bit of a face-off over his final resting place.

Scholars and international experts are still grappling with the complexities, leaving us with the mystery of St Nicholas’ true resting place…

Quite the historical enigma, isn’t it?

St. Nicholas Church (Noel Baba Müzesi) – Useful Info

  • St. Nicholas Church is in the modern day Demre district in the province of Antalya around 50km east of Kaş (see map below).
  • The museum is open daily, 08:00-19:00 and the entrance fee is 390 TL (2023).
  • If you visit Demre, combine your visit to the museum with a visit to the Lycian, Hellenistic and Roman ruins at Myra, just up the road.
  • Andriake harbour is also worth a visit. There are more Roman ruins, a (not much visited) beach and a natural area for birdlife. The granarium has now been converted into the Lycian civilisations Museum.
  • We visited Myra and the church as part of our gület cruise (a perfect way to arrive) but Demre is also easy to reach by car or public transport.
  • Turkey’s connection with St. Nicholas doesn’t end with Patara and Demre. Opposite Gemiler Bay, near Kayaköy in Fethiye, is a small island called Gemiler Adası. It’s other name is St. Nicholas Island and there are Byzantine ruins on the hillsides. Archaeologists believe this is the original burial place of St. Nicholas.
  • If you are interested in St. Nicholas, the legends and his importance around the world, St. Nicholas Center website has lots of information.
  • In October 2017, according to Turkish archaeologists, a temple was found under the church in Demre and the tomb could be within the temple. The ‘St. Nicholas’ that was taken to Italy by Italian merchants may just have been the body of a priest. Time may tell. Read more of the saga, here.
  • Read Next: Exploring Antalya Museum.

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Sunday 10th of April 2016

I've visited St. Nicholas' tomb in the Puglian capital Bari several times, and always wanted to hear the story from a Turkish point of view. What fascinates me most is the conviction that his bones produced liquid or manna, that would perform miracles when imbided. I think you can still buy the tiny ceramic bottles with 'oil' from the saint's coffin in the church's souvenir shop. Cheers Mette

Turkey's For Life

Monday 11th of April 2016

Most of the St. Nicholas souvenirs in Demre are aimed at the Rusian visitors who buy them to send them back to relatives. some really expensive ones, too. Yeah, I've heard about the mysteries surrounding the bones of St. Nicholas and heard that they still do that annually in Italy. Isn't there somewhere in Venice, too, where St. Nicholas is commemorated? And we still have no idea what the little notes of paper were that the Russian visitors in Demre were putting into the St. Nicholas tomb area. Still lots to learn. :)


Monday 21st of December 2015

Wow, Demre has changed a lot -

Turkey's For Life

Thursday 31st of December 2015

Yeah, we noticed that, too, BacktoBodrum. Lots of new apartments being built in Demre centre - wonder if it's because of the big new harbour being built?

budget jan

Sunday 20th of December 2015

I had never thought of there being a link to a legend when it came to Santa delivering presents down the Chimney. How come St. Nicholas who was presumably Turkish became so important to Russians? Or is he equally important throughout Europe and it was just that there was a bus of Russians there on the day?

Turkey's For Life

Sunday 20th of December 2015

This part of Turkey is very popular with Russian visitors, Budget Jan - all the souvenir shops have the Russian language written first and the Turkish locals who work in tourism speak Russian, too. :) Whether it is just coincidence that the church of St. Nicholas is close by or whether this are became popular with Russians *because* the church and the tomb are close by, we're not sure. St. Nicholas is patron saint of Holy Russia and apparently, in Thursday prayers in Russia, prayers are dedicated to St. Nicholas as representative of all the saints so we guess St. Nicholas is the most important saint in Russian Orthodoxy.

St. Nicholas is important in the Greek and Russian Orthodox church (he was Greek) and he's important in Catholicism, too. There's a huge church dedicated to St. Nicholas in Bari in Italy (the Italy situation is a hot potato at the moment because, apparently, some of his remains were stolen/taken from the tomb in Myra to Bari a good few centuries ago - the Turkish government are currently demanding them back) and also in Venice.

St. Nicholas is also important in the Protestant and Lutheran religions, too - very apt that he crosses so many denominations. A saint who joins people together and is associated with Christmas, too. :)


Friday 18th of December 2015

. . good, informative stuff - been a good few years since we were last there, it's come on a lot!

Turkey's For Life

Friday 18th of December 2015

Thanks, Alan. We noticed a big difference, too, especially with the work in town immediately around the church and the St. Nicholas regalia, too. Good to see the Santa photos have made way for images of the saint - seems more fitting. A lot of archaeological work going on inside and outside the St. Nicholas church, too.

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